Every women in her life time at least once she want to become mother and it is a sense of feeling which wont get for any other reason.Every women will feel proud and will be at most happy for being pregnant.Actually pregnancy is the development of one or more offspring generally known as embryo in a woman’s uterus.For most of the women for one pregnancy she can give birth to one child, but there are some cases for giving birth to twins or multiple child.Giving birth to a child actually occurs for about 38 weeks after conception in women who have a menstrual cycle length of four week.This Conception for getting pregnant can be achieved through either sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology.Pregnancy is a beautiful experience for women and it should be treated with at most care and love.
Diet to be taken during pregnancy:
This term pregnancy is a word for of joy for women in her lifetime.Pregnancy is a special stage in life of a women.It is the stage which improves her value and brings a identity in the society.From the moment she becomes mother she changes her state of mind and thinks like a mother.Most of the women during their pregnancy wont take proper diet but it is a must for every women to maintain proper diet as it not only effects her health but also effects the fetus or embryo.
The food habits that are essential for every women who is a pregnant are as follows.We know that as we are starting any new project it is essential that the foundation must be strong,similarly during pregnancy women should be in good health.To maintain so one should not use drugs, cigarettes and alcohol and also one should not take fast foods, deep fried items, sweets and beverages.During the period it is better to take home made food with wide range of vegetables which is nutritious and fruits should be taken along with it.
The first stage of pregnancy is called as first trimester.At this level energy requirement should be kept at normal level.As the embryo is not at all formed completely and is very small, it should not be considered as another person.So, as a result there is no need of extra energy is required for feeding the fetus at this stage.As the embryo increases week by week and for final stage it grows about 12 kgs which leads to morning sickness in some women.To avoid this care should be taken and must monitor their food intake and fluid intake.During second trimester the intake must be about 300 calories.During third trimester it is advisable to take small, concentrated and frequent meals should be taken.During the third trimester fasting must be avoided as the body glucose level are very low at this stage there are few cases that they may faint also.
Without proper taking proper proteins inside there will be severe health problems for both mother and fetus also.So to avoid this it is necessary to take food that are containing rich proteins.These proteins help fetus for its growth.The best food that is advisable to take in during pregnancy are milk, meat, eggs, sea-foods, poultry and cheese.It is also advisable to take vegetable proteins like mixed cereals and mixed pulses.
Fat and carbohydrate requirement:
It is very necessary and important for those pregnant women to see that the food they intake must not contain large amount of fats and carbohydrates.But they are increased a bit that must be sufficient for the supply of calories and energy to the fetus.At the stage of pregnancy it is better to avoid pizzas, burgers, heavy ice creams, deep fried food items etc.,
Mineral and vitamin requirement:
Among all the minerals from the intake of food items iron is the most important parameter during the time of pregnancy.It is increased from 8 to 10 percent per day apart from the normal intake.The food items that are suggested for pregnant women for minerals and vitamins are eggs, leafy vegetables, oranges, legumes, whole grain cereals and wheat germ.
Calcium containing food items intake is very essential for the development of bones and skeleton of the embryo.If the calcium requirement for normal person is around 500 mg it must be double the intake for pregnant women.The food sources that are rich in calcium are milk, cheese, panneer, green leafy vegetables and ragi.
Other trace minerals and other vitamins:
Along with iron and calcium few other trace minerals are required for the development of fetus like zinc, iodine, magnesium, manganese and chromium.These are required in very minute amount and can easily get them from the intake of balanced diet.Along with important vitamins one can get all the required vitamins from the food items like milk, meat, eggs, yeast, liver, nuts, whole grains, tomatoes and fruits.Along with the intake of all the vitamins and minerals it is also necessary to see to take them in time and in sufficient amount for healthy pregnancy.Proper maintenance of sleep is also important during pregnancy.