Diwali is celebrated by Indians all over the world with great happiness.This is the reason it is most popular and is also most likely festival in the country as well as abroad.Diwali is also known as festival of lights.Diwali is different from other festivals it doesn’t comes with one day celebrations, it brings a series of holidays along with it.On the day of Diwali goddess Lakshmi is worshiped with most devotion and peace of mind.During the Diwali season lights, crackers, sweets are shopped frequently everywhere in India and abroad.This festival generally falls in the month of September-November.The festival is generally celebrated as the victory of good over evil.It can also be said that the victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance.The festival gets its name from lamps ( known as deepa ) that are arranged in a row ( known as avali ).As Indians on the day of Diwali arrange lamps outside the house in a row, it is known as Deepavali.By doing so they feel that that it is a symbol for the inner light that protects us from spiritual darkness.
Five day festival:
First day ( Dhanteras ) :
According to Hindu month diwali starts with Dhanwantari Trayodashi, it is the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha.This Trayodashi is popularly known as Dhanteras.According to few beliefs, on this day lord Dhanwantari came out of ocean with ayurvedic to look after the welfare of mankind.On this special occasion people worship god of death Yama by lightening a yama diya.There is a tradition from many years that buying a utensil on this day will bring good luck.
Second day( Choti Diwali ):
The second day of Diwali is Narak Chaturdashi.Ancestors say that lord Krishna has killed the demon Narakasura on this day to make people free from fear.On this special people have oil massage to body and they take bath on this day.There is also a belief that people who don’t take bath on this day will go to Narak.
Third day ( Lakshmi Puja ):
The third day of Diwali is the main day of Diwali and is known as Badi Diwali.On this day people worship Goddess Lakshmi with divine and peace of mind to bless them with wealth and prosperity.Many of the business people do this puja every year to seek blessings from goddess lakshmi.All the women at home do this puja asking goddess Lakshmi to look after their family.On this day people clean their homes and decorate it with various colorful lights and fire crackers to express their joy.
Fourth day ( Govardhan Puja ):
The fourth day of Diwali is celebrated as Gowardhan puja.The name itself specifies that on this day we must worship gowardhan parvat.Legends say that on this day lord Krishna offered pooja to gowardhan parvat to protect people from heavy rains.Since then it became a tradition for Hindus to worship Govardhan Parvat.
Fifth day ( Bhai Duj ):
The fifth day of Diwali is celebrated as Bhai Doj.The name itself says that it is the time to honor brother and sister relationship.Legends say that on this day when brothers visit their sisters they will get rid of all their sins.Thus on this day brothers visit sisters and and sisters sweeten their mouth with sweets.This day ends the festival Diwali.
Lights and fireworks:
As the name specifies that it is a festival of lights arranges in a row.On this special occasion houses, shops, public places are decorated with oil lamps in a attractive manner.Few people replace oil lamps with candles.The lamps are lightened using mustard oil and mostly placed in a row in windows, doors and outside buildings.These lamps are lightened to welcome goddess Lakshmi into home’s.The main reason for the celebration of the festival is that the return of Lord Rama and Sita to Rama’s kingdom after fourteen years of exile.On this day oil lamps are often seen floating on the rivers especially Ganges.
The illumination of fire crackers is mainly for the better maintenance of health, wealth, knowledge, peace and prosperity.People living on earth enjoy firing crackers.There is a reason that during the month of the festival as winter falls, few types of bacteria will rice up due to the atmospheric changes.To kill those bacteria and insects people fire crackers and the fumes produced by the crackers kill a lot of insects and mosquitoes, found in plenty after the rains.Fireworks are a big part of the Diwali celebrations.But since many years there are some movements against it as it is causing air pollution and as it also leads to some dreadful accidents.Diwali is officially considered as holiday in many countries like India, Nepal, Srilanka, Singapore, Myanmar, Mauritius, Guyana, Suriname, Malaysia, Fiji.
This festival is considered as festival of peace.On this occasion Hindu, Jain and Sikh communities also mark charitable causes, kindness, and for peace.As it is festival of peace on the this day the at thee International border, Indian forces approach Pakistani forces and offer traditional Indian sweets.In response to this the Pakistani forces offer Pakistani sweets.