Wine is nothing but a alcoholic beverage that is made out of fermented grapes.Basically there are two varieties of wines they are red wine and white wine.The simple difference between them is that red wine is prepared by soaking the grapes along with the skin whereas the white wines are prepared by removing the skin of the grapes after fermentation process.By using different types of grape varieties and strains of yeasts, they produce different type of wines.
Wine has a very long history and it spans over thousands of years.At first the evidence of wine civilization is found in China around 7000 BCE. Mainly the wine making technology was improved during the roman empire.They used to store them in barrels and shipped them to various parts of the world.The production and consumption has eventually increased during 15th century.Slowly it has spread to all the parts of the world and now it is available everywhere around the world.
Making wine at home:
From thousands of years people are making their own type of wine at home.This can be prepared using any type of fruit but most people prefer to make it with grapes.In this process after mixing all of the ingredients we must leave the wine to ferment and then we have to age it before bottling.By using this simple olden process we can make delicious wine at home.
1) Take six cups of any of the fruit
2) Take two cups of honey
3) Take one packet of yeasts
4) Take filtered water
This is the step we have to prepare all our supplies and ingredients first.Along with the wine ingredients we have to take some of the basic supplies so that our wine can age longer without being affected by bugs and bacteria.As we are making it in home we should see that it should not be much expensive.The supplies that are required for making at home are
1) Take two gallons of glass jar
2) Take one gallon of glass container having small neck
3) Take an air lock
4) Take a thin plastic tube that may be used for siphoning
5) Take clean wine bottles with screw caps
Select any type of fruit for making wine.Most of the people use grapes for the preparation of wine.While choosing a fruit it is better to choose a fruit that is organic as it has to be treated with chemicals if it is not organic.For reduced cost of making this wine take fruits in a farmers market.
At first take the fruits and remove the stems and and leaves and clean them thoroughly so that there should not be any dirt or grit.Next rinse the fruit thoroughly and place it in a crock or glass jar.Before crushing we can peel off the skin, but the actual flavor comes from the skin itself.If we peel off the skin then the wine will be more milder.Few think that natural yeasts lie on the skin of the fruit and does not wash it before crushing.
Now crush the fruits till the juice comes out of it.This process of taking the juice out of fruit is known as crushing.This process must be done until the fruit juice is about one and half inches from the top of the crock or glass jar.In case if the fruit juice is not till top of the glass jar fill the remaining level with mineral water.At this stage add campeden tablet to the mixture as it releases sulphur dioxide which kills wild yeasts and bacteria.In case if we don’t want to use tablet at that stage add two cups of boiling water to the fruit.
Add honey to the fruit juice as it adds sweetness to the wine and also provides food for yeasts.We can also add sugar if we don’t have honey available.
Now the main thing yeasts are to be added to the mixture taken and stir them well continuously by using a long handed spoon.For the preparation this is a step is a must and should not be ignored.
Now after adding yeasts cover the crock by using a lid such that i must keep bugs away from it and it must allow air to flow in and out.Then tie it with a t shirt at the opening by using a rubber band.Now leave this undisturbed over night by providing it a temperature of 70 degrees.
Continuous stirring must be done for every four hours and must recover it such that the mixture starts bubbling so that yeasts start their action.This continuous stirring will help in making delicious wine.
Now as the bubbling slows down after few days take this to a glass container with a small neck for longer storage.Now place the small balloon over the opening to let the gas collected and replace it in a right away.
After this process let the wine be stored for few months but at least one month as the age for the wine increases the taste for it also increases.
At last preserve the wine by taking it in clean bottles and close it immediately by using a cork.Generally use dark bottles to preserve red wines.Allow it to preserve for longer age or can also take it immediately depending on one’s requirements.