Culinary is the art of cooking. It doesn’t involve just cooking but also preparation and presentation of a particular dish. A culinary expert is commonly known as a chef. He/she must be well versed with most of the cuisines. The world famous cuisines are listed below.
Cuisines famous all over:
The first thing that comes to our mind when we hear about Italian food is Pizza and Pasta. The dishes are characterized by simplicity and use maximum 4-8 ingredients. The main ingredients are tomatoes, fish, potatoes, cheese and all kinds of meat. Olive oil is the major vegetable oil used for cooking. Herbs, vegetables and spices are used for toppings. Sauce also forms a major ingredient, mainly in pasta.
Pasta: Pasta is one of the main cuisines made out of wheat. There are different types of pasta; there is the spaghetti, fusilli, lasagna etc. There are two styles of pasta, the dry, which can be stored for a long time and the fresh one which can be stored only for a short period of time. You can make bland pasta with a lot of cheese and herbs as topping or you can make tangy pasta using tomatoes and spices.
Pizza: Pizza is flat bread that is baked and often has tomato and cheese with vegetables or meat as toppings. You can create a lot of different varieties of pizza as per your tastes.
Wine: Italy produces the largest amount of wine in the world. In Italy wine is commonly consumed (alongside water) in meals, which are rarely served without it.
• Cassata: Cassata is one of the most famous desserts; it is a cake which contains different kinds of nuts. The round sponge cake is moistened with fruit juices or liquor and layered with ricotta cheese, candied peel, and a chocolate or vanilla filling similar to cannoli cream. It is covered with a shell of marzipan, pink and green pastel colored icing, and decorative designs. The cassata is topped with candied fruit depicting cherries and slices of citrus fruit.
• Cannoli: Cannoli is Italian pastry dessert. It consists of tube-shaped shells of fried pastry dough, filled with a sweet, creamy filling usually containing ricotta.
• Gelato: Gelato is Italian for ice cream.
• Tiramisu: Tiramisu is a popular coffee-flavored dessert. It is made of Ladyfingers (soft sponge cake) dipped in coffee, layered with a whipped mixture of egg yolks, egg whites, sugar and mascarpone cheese.
There are different culinary in China, the Eight Culinary Traditions of China are Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Szechuan and Zhejiang, out of which Szechuan is most famous in the world. It includes noodles, Manchurians, fried rice etc.
The main ingredients in Chinese Cuisines are vegetables, rice, noodles, sauces, herbs, spices and beans.
A lot of sea food also forms a major part of their cuisine like sushi and tofu. They make prawn crackers as snacks. Dim sums and dumplings are also very famous.
Their major drinks are tea and liquor like Baijiu (white liquor) and Huangjiu (yellow liquor). Tea is given a lot of importance in China. They have ceremonies where tea forms a major part.
Baijiu is made out of distilled wheat, corn or rice while Huangjiu is a strong rice wine.
Mexican cuisine is closely tied to the culture, social structure and popular traditions of the country. Corn, beans, chilli peppers and rice form a major part of the Mexican cuisine. It includes dishes like tacos, nachos, burritos etc. The dishes are tangy and spicy. Tomatoes are used in abundance in Mexican dishes.
Mexicans have a lot of festivals where food is given major attention and one of the major dishes is called Mole, it is prepared only during special occasions since it requires a lot of time.
Another important food during festivals is the Tamal or Tamale, it is a filled cornmeal dumpling, steamed in a wrapping (usually corn husk or banana leaf) and one of the basic staples in most regions of Mexico.
Corn in Mexico is not only eaten but also drunk. Corn is the base of a lot of drinks which is mixed with other ingredients. They make tea using a lot of ingredients; hibiscus, herbs, tamarind, rice etc. Chocolate also is a major part of the Mexican cuisine.
Alcoholic beverages from Mexico include Tequila, Pulque, aguardiente and mezcal, with brandy, wine, beer and rum. The most common alcoholic beverage consumed with food in Mexico is beer, followed by tequila.
It is very hard to generalize Indian cuisines because India is a vast country and has many states and each state has many regions and each region has a variety of dishes that are considered famous in that particular region.
Indian cuisine is majorly divided into North Indian and South Indian Cuisines.
• North Indian:
North Indian food again has a variety in them, the Paranthas, Chana bhatura and lassi of Punjab, the Churma and Gujia of Rajasthan, the dhokla, thepla and kachori of Gujrath, the Rasgullas of Calcutta etc.
• South Indian:
The south Indian dishes include Idli, Dosa, Pulav, Upma, Chapathi, Puri, Hyderabadi biryani, chutneys, pickles etc.
The coastal regions make scrumptious sea food. There are many other dishes that form a major part of the Indian cuisine but these are some of the major dishes.
In India sweets are also an important part of our food. Gulab Jamoons, Kheer, Rasgulla, Paisam, Firni, Falooda, Ladoos, Mysore pak, Gajar ka halwa, Jalebi, Peda, Sohan Papdi, Coconut barfi, Obbattu, Kaju katli etc. are the major sweets savored both in South and North India.
Tea, coffee, badam milk, ragi and wheat malt are the major drinks in India.
The Arabian cuisine includes a lot of meat. Wheat, barley and rice are major ingredients. Dairy products such as yogurt and white cheese are most commonly used in their dishes.biryanis and shawarmas are major dishes. They use hot drinks rather than cold ones and coffee is the major drink there.
Lamb, chicken, beef and camel are major meat products used in the dishes, fish is also used sometimes but is not very important. A lot of herbs and mints are used in their dishes to give an authentic flavor. Sauces are also used to make a dish spicy and tangy. Fruits, nuts, greens, parsley and olive oil are major ingredients in most of their preparations.